Hemophilia

Description:
Hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder in which one’s blood doesn’t clot normally. Hemophilia usually occurs when a person has a mutation in one of the clotting factor genes. Mostly males in all race and ethnic groups can get Hemophilia. About 1 in 4,000 men are born with this rare disorder.

Inheritance:
Hemophilia can be received by a mutation in the baby’s egg reproduction if the mother isn’t a carrier. It’s an X-linked recessive disorder.



Symptoms:
· Bleeding in the mouth from a cut of a bite can be a symptom of hemophilia.
· Another symptom of hemophilia is a nose bleed for no obvious reason.
· Bleeding from a cut that resumes after stopping for a short time can also be a sign of Hemophilia.



Daily Life:

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Diagnosis:
Hemophilia can be diagnosed by blood tests, discovering signs or bleeding patterns, or family history. A few blood tests will be needed; the final test will determine which factor of the disease is responsible and the factor’s activity level.



Treatment:
Hemophilia can be treated by replacement therapy or blood transfusions. Also, the hemophilia patients inject themselves with purified clotting factors to prevent or stop bleeding episodes. Additional treatment is necessary if the person’s immune system attacks the injected clotting factors.


Research:
Doctors continue making pills to stop the unnecessary bleeding.


Additional Facts:
· There are two main kinds of hemophilia; Hemophilia A and Hemophilia B.
· Certain bleedings need special attention.
· About 1 in 4,000 men are born with this rare disorder.


Punnett Square:

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Pedigree Chart:

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Resources:
ghr.nlm.nih.gov
nhlbi.nih.gov
kidshealth.org
ygyh.org