Long QT syndrome


Description:
Long QT syndrome is a rare inborn heart condition in which delayed heartbeats occur. The heart is affected by this disease. Sudden cardiac death may occur as well defects in heart muscle cell structures and sudden loss of consciousness. Long QT syndrome refers to the QT- interval measured on the ECG or EKG.
Inheritance:The frequency of people that inherit the disease is unknown. Long QT syndrome can be inherited by mutations of at least 9 different genes. Physical and emotional stress during the 9-month period can trigger the disorder. In most cases the disease is dominant. People with this disease may get a rapid uncontrollable heartbeat. Males and females can inherit the disorder.
Symptoms:
Symptoms of Long QT Syndrome:
  • Sudden loss of conscientious
  • Sudden Death
  • Passing out during physical work or emotional excitement
Daily Life:
Diagnosis: Cardiologists’ diagnose the disease and treats it as well. E.K.G’s, medical history, physical exam, and genetic testing all help discover and diagnose QT syndrome. E.C.G’s and several testing procedures will also help diagnose QT syndrome. Some people with QT also can have exercise test done to help diagnose the disease.
Treatment: Medications, and E.C.Gs measured in heartbeats can help better understand the disease and help you in your daily life. Sometimes, you might need different test becase there are different forms of the disease. Medical surgeries, devices, and lifestyle changes can help treat QT.
Research: Doctors are conducting experiments on people with QT with medical devices, medicines, drugs, and electrolyte changes to learn more about QT syndrome.
Additional Facts:
One in 7,000 people are born with the disease. Swimming, running, being startled, alarms, clocks, loud horns, a ringing phone, emotions, anger, test taking, stressful situations, and unconsciousness all cause Long QT Syndrome to act up.
Punnett Square:Slide1.PNG
Pedigree Chart:Slide2.PNG

Resources:
www.qtsyndrime.ch/faq.html

www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/diseases/qt

www.mayoclinic.org/long-qt-syndrome/